MANIFESTO VENTOTENE PDF
In , the anti-Fascist activists Ernesto Rossi and Altiero Spinelli, placed under house arrest on the Italian island of Ventotene, draw up a manifesto for a free. Download, Total Views, Stock, ∞. File Size, KB. File Type, pdf. Create Date, Wednesday December 7th, Last Updated. Among the activities promoted by the Committee, there was the translation of the Ventotene Manifesto in all EU languages (missing so the.
|Published (Last):||1 December 2011|
|PDF File Size:||8.79 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||13.39 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
A draft manifesto”, was drawn up by Altiero Spinelli and by Emesto Rossi who wrote the first part of the third chapter in when they were both interned on the island of Ventotene.
It was presented not as an ideal, but as the best option for Europe’s postwar condition. There are no grounds for fearing that such a revolutionary regime will develop into renewed despotism.
If the house were to collapse, they would suddenly be deprived of all the privileges they have enjoyed up to now, and would be exposed to the assault of the progressive forces. These tendencies have countless shades and nuances, stretching from very conservative liberalism to socialism and anarchy.
The Manifesto of Ventotene () – CVCE Website
In this way, no-one will be forced any longer to accept enslaving work contracts because of their poverty. Manifesro free and united Manifestk is the necessary premise to ventofene strengthening of modern civilization as regards which the totalitarian era is only a temporary setback.
The Ventotene Manifesto — Swedish 0. The road to pursue is neither easy nor certain, but it must be followed and it will be done! This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat It will be the triumph of democratic beliefs. In order to keep the working classes immobilized and subjugated, the trade unions, once free organizations of struggle, run by individuals who enjoyed the trust of their members, have been turned into institutions for police surveillance run by employees chosen by the ruling class and responsible only to them.
All reasonable men recognize that it is impossible to maintain a balance of power among European States with militarist Germany enjoying equal conditions with other countries, nor can Germany be broken up into pieces or held on a chain once it is conquered. It is, therefore, fairly easy to channel them and their more shortsighted leaders towards the reconstruction of the States destroyed in the storm. They manifesti it their duty to form a consensus and they represent themselves as exhortatory preachers, where instead there is a need for leaders who know just what they want.
Veentotene are thus proposing an agrarian reform which will increase the number of owners enormously by giving land to those msnifesto actually farm it and an industrial reform which will extend workers’ ownership in non-nationalized sectors, through co-operative adventures, employee profit-sharing, and so on. The Ventotene Manifesto — Bulgarian They will certainly be the most dangerous force to be faced.
The absolute sovereignty of national States has led to the desire of each of them to dominate, since each feels threatened by the strength of the others, and considers that its “living space” should include increasingly vast territories that give it the right to free movement and provide self-sustenance without needing to rely on others. The collapse of the majority of the States on the continent under the German steam-roller has already given the people of Europe a common destiny: While overlooking no occasion or sector ventoene which to spread its cause, it must be active first and foremost in those environments which are most significant as centres for the circulation of ideas and recruiting vventotene combative men.
The Ventotene Manifesto – English – Istituto di Studi Federalisti Altiero Spinelli
In a more or less brief space of time the most important duty would be to convert populations into armies. In order to respond to our needs, the European revolution must be socialist, i. Spinelli —86a former Communist, became a leader of the federalist movement due to his ventoteme authorship of the Manifesto and his postwar advocacy. The principle of non intervention turned out to be absurd: II – Post-war tasks. In their thousand tendencies, they do not represent a will for renewal, manifesro vain and very confused ambitions found in minds that, by becoming paralyzed, actually prepare the terrain for the growth of the reaction.
The Ventotene Manifesto in all EU laguanges
The progressive front would be quickly mahifesto in the brawl between economic classes and categories. The reactionary forces have capable men and officers who have been trained to command and who will fight tenaciously to preserve their supremacy.
The Ventotene Manifesto — Spanish But when this State control is achieved, it does not produce the desired results but leads to a regime where the entire population is subservient to a restricted class of bureaucrats who run the economy.
The guiding light in determining what steps need to be taken, however, cannot simply be the utterly doctrinaire principle whereby private ownership of the material means of production must in principle be abolished and only temporarily tolerated when dispensing with it entirely. By using the police to control every aspect of each citizen’s life, and by violently silencing all dissenting voices, these regimes barred all legal possibility of further correction in the state of affairs.
The shadows of obscurantism once more threaten to suffocate the human spirit. Views Read Edit View history.
Rather the nation has become a divine entity, an organism which must only consider its own existence, its own development, without the least regard for the damage that others may suffer from this. Moreover, the end of the sense of security inspired and created by an unassailable Great Britain, which led Britain to Errore. The question which must be resolved first, failing which progress is no more than mere appearance, is the definitive abolition of the division of Europe into national, sovereign States.
The Ventotene Ventotne — German 1. But from this gradually increasing circle of sympathizers, it must manicesto out and recruit into the organisation only those who have identified and accepted the European revolution as the main goal in their lives, who manifestoo out the necessary work with strict discipline day in day out, carefully checking up on its continuous and effective safety, even in the most dangerously illegal situations.
As the democrats wear down their initial popularity as assertors of freedom by their endless polemic, evntotene in the absence of any serious political and social revolution, the pre-totalitarian political institutions would inevitably be reconstituted, and the struggle would again develop along the lines of the old class opposition. The time has now come to get rid of these old cumbersome burdens and to be ready for whatever turns up, usually so different from what was expected, to get rid of the inept among the old and create new energies among the young.
Inpromoted by the University La Sapienza in Rome under the patronage of the President of the Republic, the National Committee was established for the celebrations of the hundredth anniversary of the birth of Altiero Ventotwne. They miss chances favourable to the consolidation of a new regime by attempting to make bodies, which need longer preparation and which are more suited to periods of relative tranquillity, work immediately.
They always need to hide behind a Karoly, a Blum, a Negrin, only to fall headlong into ruin with the democratic puppets they used, since power is achieved and maintained, not simply through cunning but with the ability to respond fully and viably to the needs of modern society.